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Hair Loss

Hair loss

Hair loss has been a problem for many people and children from a very long time. They feel less confident and think that their most sought glory of persona is gone. Everyone dreams of soft, shiny, lustrous hair but when hair starts falling their social and work life is affected. If treated at the right moment and with the right specialist, you can end the hair fall process.

The root sole cause of hair loss has not been able to determine but it is seen that both male and female genders are affected by hair loss. Yes, in males the proportion is high as compared to females and also boys tend to have hair fall at a very early stage.

 

Causes of Hair Loss

  1. Diseases like anaemia or thyroid problem
  2. Radiation and chemotherapy treatments
  3. Medications such as blood thinners, high dosage of vitamin A and steroids that men undertake to get muscle build up.
  4. Scalp infections- Infections, such as ringworm, can invade the hair and skin of your scalp, leading to scaly patches and hair loss. Once infections are treated, hair generally grows back.
  5. Problems in diet like a deficiency in iron.
  6. High level of stress.
  7. Hormonal changes-Hormonal changes and imbalances can cause temporary hair loss. This could be due to pregnancy, childbirth or the onset of menopause. Hormone levels are also affected by the thyroid gland, so thyroid problems may cause hair loss.
  8. Patchy Hair loss- This type of non-scarring hair loss is called alopecia areata. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks hair follicles causing sudden hair loss that leaves smooth, roundish bald patches on the skin.

 

Phases of Hair Loss

  1. Anagen Phase- During this phase the hair grows about 1 cm every 28 days. Scalp hair stays in this active phase of growth for 2–7 years
  2. Catagen Phase-It signals the end of the active growth of a hair. This phase lasts for about 2–3 weeks while the hair converts to a club hair. A club hair is formed during the catagen phase when the part of the hair follicle in contact with the lower portion of the hair becomes attached to the hair shaft. This process cuts the hair off from its blood supply and from the cells that produce new hair.
  3. Telogen Phase- When the body is subjected to extreme stress, as much as 70 percent of hair can prematurely enter the telogen phase and begin to fall, causing a noticeable loss of hair. This condition is called telogen effluvium. The club hair is the final product of a hair follicle in the telogen stage, and is a dead, fully keratinized hair.Fifty to one-hundred club hair are shed daily from a normal scalp.

 

Types of Hair Loss

  1. Involutional alopecia is a natural condition in which the hair gradually thins with age. More hair follicles go into the resting phase, and the remaining hairs become shorter and fewer in number.
  2. Androgenic alopecia is a genetic condition that can affect both men and women. Men with this condition, called male pattern baldness, can begin suffering hair loss as early as their teens or early 20s. It’s characterized by a receding hairline and gradual disappearance of hair from the crown and frontal scalp. Women with this condition, called female pattern baldness, don’t experience noticeable thinning until their 40s or later. Women experience a general thinning over the entire scalp, with the most extensive hair loss at the crown.
  3. Androgenic alopecia is a genetic condition that can affect both men and women. Men with this condition, called male pattern baldness, can begin suffering hair loss as early as their teens or early 20s. It’s characterized by a receding hairline and gradual disappearance of hair from the crown and frontal scalp. Women with this condition, called female pattern baldness, don’t experience noticeable thinning until their 40s or later. Women experience a general thinning over the entire scalp, with the most extensive hair loss at the crown.
  4. Alopecia Universalis causes all body hair to fall out, including the eyebrows, eyelashes, and pubic hair.
  5. Trichotillomania, seen most frequently in children, is a psychological disorder in which a person pulls out one’s own hair.
  6. Telogen effluvium is temporary hair thinning over the scalp that occurs because of changes in the growth cycle of hair. A large number of hairs enter the resting phase at the same time, causing hair shedding and subsequent thinning.
  7. Scarring alopecias result in permanent loss of hair. Inflammatory skin conditions  (cellulitis, folliculitis, acne), and other skin disorders (such as some forms of lupus and lichen planus) often result in scars that destroy the ability of the hair to regenerate. Hot combs and hair too tightly woven and pulled can also result in permanent hair loss.

 

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